Mandelas Kinsmen: Nationalist Elites and Apartheids First Bantustan Timothy Gibbs

ISBN: 9781847010896

Published: March 20th 2014

Hardcover

224 pages


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Mandelas Kinsmen: Nationalist Elites and Apartheids First Bantustan  by  Timothy Gibbs

Mandelas Kinsmen: Nationalist Elites and Apartheids First Bantustan by Timothy Gibbs
March 20th 2014 | Hardcover | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, RTF | 224 pages | ISBN: 9781847010896 | 10.78 Mb

Mandelas Kinsmen is the first study of the fraught relationships between the ANC leadership and their relatives who ruled apartheids foremost tribal Bantustan, the Transkei. In the early 20th century, the chieftaincies had often been well-springsMoreMandelas Kinsmen is the first study of the fraught relationships between the ANC leadership and their relatives who ruled apartheids foremost tribal Bantustan, the Transkei.

In the early 20th century, the chieftaincies had often been well-springs of political leadership. In the Transkei, political leaders, such as Mandela, used regionally rooted clan, schooling and professional connections to vault to leadership- they crafted expansive nationalisms woven from these kin identities. But from 1963 the apartheid government turned South Africas chieftaincies into self-governing, tribal Bantustans in order to shatter African nationalism. While historians often suggest that apartheid changed everything - African elites being eclipsed by an era of mass township and trade union protest, and the chieftaincies co-opted by the apartheid government - there is another side to this story.

Drawing on newly discovered accounts and archives, Gibbs reassesses the Bantustans and the changing politics of chieftaincy, showing how local dissent within Transkei connected to wider political movements and ideologies. Emphasizing the importance of elite politics, he describes how the ANC-in-exile attempted to re-enter South Africa through the Bantustans drawing on kin networks. This failed in KwaZulu, but Transkei provided vital support after a coup in 1987, and the alliances forged were important during the apartheid endgame.

Finally, in counterpoint to Africanist debates that focus on how South African insurgencies narrowed nationalist thought and practice, he maintains ANC leaders calmed South Africas conflicts of the early 1990s by espousing an inclusive nationalism that incorporated local identities, and that Mandelas kinsmen still play a key role in state politics today.

Timothy Gibbs is Lecturer in History of Early Modern and Modern Africa, University College London. Southern Africa (South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, Swaziland & Botswana): Jacana



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